In my last column, I explained why you should probably stop thinking about marketing in terms of campaigns. It used to be that you created marketing collateral and could never touch it again — but digital marketing lets us constantly iterate and improve what’s out there. And if we can iterate, we should, since improving what’s working is much more efficient than constantly starting from scratch.
With digital marketing, we can be more iterative and flexible in our marketing. But there’s a flip side to this — our prospects and customers can also be more flexible in the way that they learn about what we offer and why they should be interested.
The marketing funnel isn’t a static journey anymore, if it ever was. We need to pay more attention to exactly what our prospects are doing, when and why.
The ‘marketing funnel’ often… isn’t
We’re all familiar with the concept of the “marketing funnel.” Originally developed in 1898, it describes a “journey from the moment a brand or product attracted consumer attention to the point of action or purchase.” Here’s what they show you in Marketing 101:
And a more modern version might look something like this:
But increasingly, the lines between these different stages are getting blurry. And marketers have less and less control over when, where and in what order they happen.
- The power of Google means that by the time a prospect visits your website, there’s a good chance they already know a lot about you and what you offer.
- SaaS makes it easy to trial — so someone who signs up for your product might still be relatively early in their buying cycle.
- On the other hand, some of your customers will go through the entire funnel in one day.
- Then again, some of your most passionate users and promoters won’t pay you a dime — especially if you’re open source, or your SaaS (software as a service) has a free tier.
So, what’s a digital marketer to do?
Intent, not stages
That’s true of everything we produce. Nobody cares about your product — they care about what it does for them. And your visitors really don’t care about your marketing; they care about how it helps them get closer to achieving their goals.
Fortunately for us, digital marketing makes it a lot easier to give our prospects what they care about. We have far more data on behavior, and the profiles of our users, then we ever did before. We can tell what company a user works at, how they found us, and what they’re interested in — without them filling out a single form:
- AdWords tells us what questions they’re asking Google.
- Social networks give us huge amounts of data about demographics, behavior, job function and other things your prospects are interested in.
- In enterprise software (my specialty), account-based marketing tools can tell us where our prospects work, and lots of information about the software they’re already using.
Computers are getting better and better at inferring information without needing to ask for it, and we should take advantage of all of that capability to offer our users what they need at that exact moment, without thinking about where they are in our vision of the marketing funnel.
So as a marketer, think about what your individual user is trying to accomplish, not where they are in the funnel.
Intent in practice
This all sounds kind of interesting and maybe useful — but how do you actually implement this advice? Let’s look at a few specific examples.
The typical approach to a website is to categorize each page on it in as if it were a linear flow — people who don’t know about you hit your home page first, whereas someone on your product page is presumably “further down the funnel,” so you show them different calls to action.
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